Cover Story

HALL Wines, a premier portfolio of luxury wineries and tasting rooms located in Napa Valley, California, 
has been awarded LEED® Gold Certification established by the U.S. Green Building Council for its HALL 
St. Helena modern tasting room and high-tech production facility.  This accolade is the second LEED 
Gold award for the HALL Wines St. Helena property, which was previously recognized as the first winery
in California to earn LEED Gold for its fully sustainable production facility in 2009.
LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is the preeminent building ratings program that 
is the nationally accepted benchmark for the construction, design, and operations of green buildings.  
Buildings are certified based on achieving superior performance in the areas of energy efficiency, sustainable site development, water efficiency, construction waste management, materials selection, and indoor environmental quality.  “Buildings are a prime example of how human systems integrate with natural systems,” said Rick Fedrizzi, president, CEO, and founding chair, U.S. Green Building Council.  “The HALL Wines project efficiently uses our natural resources and makes an immediate, positive impact on our planet, which will tremendously benefit future generations to come.”
To meet the precise requirements to become LEED Gold Certified, HALL Wines included many sustainable design, environmental, architectural, and innovative elements and practices within the plans including: 
•	Stormwater Design:  quantity control resulted in a 63.74% decrease in storm water runoff
•	Materials and Resources:  11% of materials used in construction came from recycled materials
•	Water Use Reduction:  the design team was able to document a 38% reduction in water usage
•	Energy:  the project optimized energy performance at every phase, having 46.97% energy cost savings, which is significantly above the standard California energy code requirements
•	Water Efficiency:  water-efficient landscaping including the use of recycled water injected under the event lawn area (no aeration).  100% of water used in wine production is recycled and used for vineyard and landscaping irrigation
•	Innovation:  innovative and state-of-the-art technology was included in the pre- and post-development plans, some of which are new to the wine industry
Jarrod Denton, with St. Helena based firm, Signum Architecture, was the lead architect on the project.  Denton assisted with utilizing innovation credits that provided renewable energy systems with savings of over 15%, (46.37% by cost), as well as a comprehensive approach to capture and treat stormwater runoff.  Additionally, an exemplary performance innovative credit was awarded for providing this project with an increase in open space by 50% (local zoning requires 25%).
Additionally, HALL Wines director of winemaking, Steve Leveque, has helped implement an innovative landscape into the high tech production facility attached to the tasting room.  Specific additions include optical sorter technology, HVAC control systems, pond variation systems, gravity flow production systems, tank-cooling systems, and the addition of automated spectrophotometers.
HALL Wines extends their environmental responsibility to their general operations by recycling and using recycled materials for direct-to-consumer wine in recyclable products, 70% post-consumer recycled material in shipping boxes, and 100% post-consumer recycling in its bottle carriages.  Additionally, all marketing collateral is printed on 100% PCR materials that are 100% recyclable.
HALL Wines owns over 500 planted acres in Napa County, Sonoma County, and Mendocino County that include five California Certified Organic Farmers (CCOF) Estate vineyards.  "We believe that great wine is cultivated in the vineyards," explains Kathryn Hall.  "The ability to plant, farm, and harvest the grapes for our own wines, enables us to have control of the wine quality from beginning to end, without compromise."  To this end, the Halls have replanted many acres of the vineyard since 2002.  With each replanting, the vines have been planted densely (2,100 to 2,400 vines per acre) to maximize structure, flavor, and the distinct characteristics of each vineyard site.
The health of the environment is essential when crafting the wines.  HALL makes every effort in their vineyard management to ensure the health of the ecosystems.  Each of HALL's vineyards is certified Organic by the CCOF.  HALL uses only natural products for weed and pest control with careful attention to the natural health and biodiversity in the soil.  They implement fish-friendly farming practices in compliance with the rigorous standards of state and federal water quality laws (Clean Water Act), the federal Endangered Species Act, and the state fish and game code as well as local regulations.  HALL Wines plants cover crops in each of their vineyards to minimize erosion and sedimentation of local waterways.  Additional efforts to maintain green farming practices include:  using recyclable and/or recycled packing for all wine shipments; recycling office waste and using recycled paper; using recycled water for all landscaping and vineyard irrigation; and incorporating the use of 50% biodiesel in farming operations to reduce overall carbon emissions.
“The entire vision for this effort was attached to the idea of being green and environmentally responsible,” said HALL Wines president, Mike Reynolds.  “Craig and Kathryn Hall chose to pursue sustainable farming and building certifications that have become the hallmark for leading our day-to-day operations and high-tech winemaking efforts.”
Fully Sustainable Production Facility
LEED Gold Certification Awarded to 
Hall Winery in Napa Valley, California
by Marcus Dodson, editor
Architectural West Magazine
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